One of the most important skills you have to master with golf iron sets is which particular iron to use during the game. Knowing which club to pull out to make the right shot spells the difference between becoming a good golfer and forever being a high-handicapper. Here are some tips on how to choose the right golf irons while playing.
Familiarize yourself with the capabilities of the golf iron sets as well as your own abilities. Golf irons are designed to drive the ball a certain distance, so when you familiarize yourself with these, you can choose which one is the best to use in a particular situation depending on how far the ball has to go and your typical stroke. Also take into account the loft angle of the iron if you have to drive your ball above an obstacle. And keep in mind that the higher the optimum distance of a club, the smaller the loft angle since the shots produced by it since it favors increased distance while sacrificing control by having a lower trajectory.
It should also be noted that the average distance for women is substantially less than for men (the second figure for optimum range in the table below is for women).
For women the 2-iron and 3-iron are not recommended and they should use a 4-wood or 5-wood, respectively or using an equivalent hybrid.
• 2-iron – optimum range 190 yards/ 170 yards – loft angle around 19-degrees
• 3-iron – optimum range 180 yards/ 160 yards – loft angle some 22-degrees
• 4-iron – optimum range 170 yards/ 150 yards – loft angle around 26-degrees
• 5-iron – optimum range 160 yards/ 140 yards – loft angle some 30-degrees
• 6-iron – optimum range 150 yards/ 130 yards – loft angle around 34-degrees
• 7-iron – optimum range 140 yards/ 120 yards – loft angle around 38-degrees
• 8-iron – optimum range 130 yards/ 110 yards – loft angle around 42-degrees
• 9-iron – optimum range 120 yards/ 100 yards – loft angle around 46-degrees
• Pitching wedge – optimum range 110 yards/ 90 yards – loft angle around 48-degrees
• Sand wedge – optimum range 90 yards/ 80 yards – loft angle around 56-degrees
• Lob wedge – optimum range 65 yards/ 60 yards – loft angle around 60-degrees
Consider the ball’s “lie”. This term refers to the ball’s position on the course and determines which iron you should use. For example, if the ball is buried (known as a “buried lie”), most experienced golfers will use a sand wedge which gives them increased loft and better control, although they will likely need to use an additional stroke. You may also need to make club substitutions if they are allowed, since the lie may require one or two more clubs than you usually need.
Consider wind velocity. Depending on which way the wind blows, you may need to adjust for each shot by one to three clubs in golf iron sets.
Generally, it is recommended that for every 10 mph of wind velocity, your club choice be adjusted by one.
The higher up your ball is in the air, the more the wind affects it. Hence, if you are 160 yards from the hole and the headwind is 20 mph from the flag, you may choose a 4-iron where you would normally pull out a 6-iron.
When the wind is behind you, take into account the strength of the wind and subtract the right number of clubs.
This is the trickiest type of wind. The easiest way to deal with this type of wind for beginners, regardless of velocity, is simply to aim the shot in the prevailing direction of the wind and allow it to drive the ball towards the hole.
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