Printed Circuit Board: Powering Modern Electronic Devices

A printed circuit board(PCB) is a non-conductive substrate sheet made of plastic or fiber glass with resin composites. It has printed or carved copper tracks which connect the different components and electronic parts to build a circuit. PCBs provide physical support to circuit components. They can have conductors in one or both sides. Some devices utilize multilayer PCBs.

Printed circuit boards are smaller compared to other circuit types. They help reduce the usage of wires which, in turn, helps increase the strength and durability of the final circuit as well as improve its overall appearance.

Components of PCBs are mounted either through SMT (surface-mount technology) or through-hole technique. In SMT, the components are placed directly on the PCB surface. In through-hole mounting, components are mounted on drilled holes of a printed circuit board. Through-hole mounting is an older technology that continues to exist in spite of the emergence of SMT. Its reliability and stability makes it the technology of choice for devices and equipment that are exposed to more hazardous environment.

PCB designs and fabrication have evolved over the years. The circuit board has shrunk significantly with the emergence of integrated circuits. Rigid circuit boards have been replaced by flexible boards or a combination of both.

Printed circuit boards are used in most electronic devices that people use on a daily basis. You’ll find a PCB in consumer products such as televisions, personal computers, cellular phones, music players, and battery-operated toys. The development of multilayer circuit boards offers plenty of flexibility and space saving that has been beneficial in the design and production of aerospace equipment, weapons, telecommunication, medical equipment, defense systems, and computer products.

For high volume manufacturers, the use of printed circuit boards offers several advantages:

  • Cost-efficient
  • Reliable
  • Easy-to-install
  • Economical for mass production

The intricate process of designing a printed circuit board requires expertise, keen attention to details, and a lot of research and development work. PCB Assembly is commonly outsourced to contractors with proven track record in the design and fabrication of printed circuit boards.


Imagineering Inc. has been serving the requirements of successful electronic companies in its more than 18 years of operations.

We understand your need for fast turnaround time, hassle-free production, quality assurance, timely delivery, and competitive pricing. Hence, we leave no stones unturned to ensure that your orders are completed within production schedule and fabricated using the most modern and efficient manufacturing facilities in the world. Our strict quality control over the entire fabrication process enables us to come through with our commitments to ourcustomers.

Our offshore manufacturing facilities are ISO-9000, ISO-9002, ISO-14000, and UL94V-0 certified. These credentials assure our customers of the highest quality, safety, and efficiency that goes into the fabrication and assembly of a printed circuit board. Our offshore manufacturing partners allow us to serve the more complex designs and requirements of our clients. Top of the line machines and modern technology enables us to accommodate complex and intricate projects and ideas.

Regardless of your production volume, we can help you save money by having your orders fabricated offshore:

Modern-Electronic-DevicesWe will help you cut production costs at whatever volume. You cansave even more when you go on mass production. We have proven time and again our capacity to deliver and our efficiency in managing the entire process of design, fabrication,assembly, and electronic testing. offers design services, parts procurement, DFM support, same day prototype creation, and PCB production. We accept fabrication with special materials such as metal, multilayer, flex, or rigid printed circuit boards.Imagineering Inc. regularly handles full turnkey production consisting of PCB fabrication, parts procurement, and assembly.

We accept consignment arrangement where clients supply all components while we do the assembly.Whatever arrangements you may have in mind, you can be sure of the highest quality of service, competitive pricing, confidentiality, and professionalism.

Our efficient and no-nonsense customer service allows us to offer instant online quotes for full turn-key manufacturing and PCB fabrication at This unique and groundbreaking service helps our clients make fast and informed decisions.

If you want us to serve you further and if you need more information about a potential project, we will be pleased to review your bill of materials (BOM), assembly drawing or Gerber data in 274X format, pick-and-place dataor centroid, PCB (if supplied by other contractors), and sample, if any.

Maximizing The Use Of Golf Iron Sets During The Game

One of the most important skills you have to master with golf iron sets is which particular iron to use during the game. Knowing which club to pull out to make the right shot spells the difference between becoming a good golfer and forever being a high-handicapper. Here are some tips on how to choose the right golf irons while playing.

Golf equipmentFamiliarize yourself with the capabilities of the golf iron sets as well as your own abilities. Golf irons are designed to drive the ball a certain distance, so when you familiarize yourself with these, you can choose which one is the best to use in a particular situation depending on how far the ball has to go and your typical stroke. Also take into account the loft angle of the iron if you have to drive your ball above an obstacle. And keep in mind that the higher the optimum distance of a club, the smaller the loft angle since the shots produced by it since it favors increased distance while sacrificing control by having a lower trajectory.

It should also be noted that the average distance for women is substantially less than for men (the second figure for optimum range in the table below is for women).

For women the 2-iron and 3-iron are not recommended and they should use a 4-wood or 5-wood, respectively or using an equivalent hybrid.

• 2-iron – optimum range 190 yards/ 170 yards – loft angle around 19-degrees

• 3-iron – optimum range 180 yards/ 160 yards – loft angle some 22-degrees

• 4-iron – optimum range 170 yards/ 150 yards – loft angle around 26-degrees

• 5-iron – optimum range 160 yards/ 140 yards – loft angle some 30-degrees

• 6-iron – optimum range 150 yards/ 130 yards – loft angle around 34-degrees

• 7-iron – optimum range 140 yards/ 120 yards – loft angle around 38-degrees

• 8-iron – optimum range 130 yards/ 110 yards – loft angle around 42-degrees

• 9-iron – optimum range 120 yards/ 100 yards – loft angle around 46-degrees

• Pitching wedge – optimum range 110 yards/ 90 yards – loft angle around 48-degrees

• Sand wedge – optimum range 90 yards/ 80 yards – loft angle around 56-degrees

• Lob wedge – optimum range 65 yards/ 60 yards – loft angle around 60-degrees

Consider the ball’s “lie”. This term refers to the ball’s position on the course and determines which iron you should use. For example, if the ball is buried (known as a “buried lie”), most experienced golfers will use a sand wedge which gives them increased loft and better control, although they will likely need to use an additional stroke. You may also need to make club substitutions if they are allowed, since the lie may require one or two more clubs than you usually need.

Consider wind velocity. Depending on which way the wind blows, you may need to adjust for each shot by one to three clubs in golf iron sets.

Generally, it is recommended that for every 10 mph of wind velocity, your club choice be adjusted by one.

• Headwind

The higher up your ball is in the air, the more the wind affects it. Hence, if you are 160 yards from the hole and the headwind is 20 mph from the flag, you may choose a 4-iron where you would normally pull out a 6-iron.

• Tailwind

When the wind is behind you, take into account the strength of the wind and subtract the right number of clubs.

• Crosswind

This is the trickiest type of wind. The easiest way to deal with this type of wind for beginners, regardless of velocity, is simply to aim the shot in the prevailing direction of the wind and allow it to drive the ball towards the hole.

Rockbottomgolf are provide a tremendous determination of golf types of gear like golf clubs, golf drivers, golf grips, golf iron sets and more are accessible.

Advantages of Hiring Motivational Speakers

Whenever we need people who can give inspiring and motivating talks to others, we can seek the help of motivational speakers. A lot of businesses and companies hire these kinds of motivators to cheer up their employees so that all of them will have a more positive outlook of the future. We must not get confused with the speeches given by inspirational speakers from the motivational ones. While both of them deliver positive and encouraging messages, we can tell that there’s a slight difference between the two.

Inspirational talks normally consist of constructive messages that are usually based on true-to-life stories and encounters of people who managed to defeat tough life challenges. Meanwhile, motivational speaking is all about conveying messages and demonstrations that are more vibrant and determined in nature and are helpful for those who want to achieve desired outcome.

We often see them being invited to give talks in different institutions and organizations but what can we really get from hiring them?

1.    Boost in productivity

It’s always easy for a company to associate productivity slippage with loss of interest and enthusiasm at work. What’s difficult for them is how they can keep us enthusiastic and interested during their entire stay in the company.

This becomes more evident if they are all coming to work with little or no push to work hard despite dealing with a lot of deadlines. While there are many ways to keep them engaged at work, hiring motivational speakers is definitely one of the things that every company must consider to boost our productivity levels.

Our speakers are well-trained in conducting talks about exerting 100% effort to each and every task. How can you say that they are effective? Typically, companies report the positive changes they notice on your work performances immediately after the motivational speeches are conducted.

2.    Reinforcing the objectives and goals of the company

A motivational speaker can help a company determine and identify its objectives and goals much better. One primary advantage of hiring this speaker is that he is capable of instilling or cementing fundamental principles of the company into your mind. Although you can clearly see your company’s goals and objectives including its mission and vision in the communication boards and in other communal workplace areas, you still tend to forget about them. Hiring a professional motivational speaker will remind you to align your goals and objectives with what the company wants.

3.    Boost in morale

Another benefit of hiring a motivational speaker is the boost in morale that can result to increased drive and aggression. The role of this speaker is to make you have a fresh and positive perspective. As individuals, we all want to hear that we are good at something or our opinions are valued. Sometimes, the talks given by motivational speakers are just what you need to jump start that productivity and positivity. They can effectively do that by providing inspirational and motivational stories or life experiences that anyone can easily relate to.

4.    Sharing of knowledge and skill

Another good thing about hiring them is the insights and knowledge that they can share. They will not be in that position for nothing. They became experts because of the years of education and experiences behind them which they are willing to share to their audience.

5.    Simple yet effective approach

Professional speakers use a combination of traditional and advanced strategies to their audience. These strategies are simple yet convenient for them to achieve the desired outcomes – a more positive outlook, a boost in one’s morale and a boost in motivation even during hard times.

Since the message of these motivational speakers have an instant effect on the mind, we highly recommend that you should capitalize on hiring their services. Finding the right motivational speaker online is just a click away. Our site, for instance, is always around to help you get that much needed positivity, morale and confidence in your daily life.

Author Bio:
Motivational speaker Garrison Wynn is a professional keynote speaker with over 20 years experience. For more details click here motivational-speaker-success.

Different Uses Of Coins From

Challenge coins were first used in World War I. A wealthy American lieutenant wanted to make an insignia that will represent his unit so he ordered medallions or coins for all the members of the unit. This coin saved the life of one of the American troopers. He was about to be executed by the French soldiers but when the executers saw that he was carrying his unit’s insignia, they spared his life. Because of that event, the soldiers came to realize the importance of a coin insignia and so they began to carry their coins wherever they go.

Military coins
Through time, an identity coin has also become an acknowledgement coin. Military coins with engraved excellence symbols were given to outstanding soldiers who have portrayed vigor and courage in the battle field and their service in general.

Challenge coins have also become widely used by different organizations. Its customization option plays a vital role to its popularity. Here at, you can order pre-made coins that are ready for embossing or debossing. We also offer other option which is to create your own coin. We will be asking you to pick a material, a color, and a style from our variety of options. Our design department will assist you in coming up with your very own challenge coins.

To give you more ideas on how useful challenge coins are, here are what they may do for various organizations.

Charities and Foundations

You have a foundation and you need to raise funds for your cause? You may utilize the challenge coins as a merchandise and/or souvenir. How? First, you need to create a logo for your cause. We will incorporate your logo on the coins using our high-tech processes. Then, you may sell the finished coins and use the proceeds to fund your cause. You may also give them to your generous donors as an acknowledgement for their support.


Another idea is to organize an event. Invite the people who have been helpful to your foundation. Prepare an awarding ceremony and give them custom coin containing your foundation’s logo. By doing this, you show appreciation to your sponsors. This may inspire them to support you more on your following programs.

Schools and Universities

You started a club in your school? Custom challenge coin is a great emblem for your new club. We can help you create an exclusive coin that is only for the members of your organization.

You are part of an existing club and you want to acknowledge the hard work of your club’s officers? Let help you create the coin that would best recognize their efforts.

You can also use custom coins to award the teaching and non-teaching staff who have been loyal to your university, the professors who perform well in this academic year, the students who give honor to the university, the outstanding athletes, and the academically excellent students.

Profitable Companies

Custom challenge coins are perfect for events if you are a profitable company. We can have your logo engraved on the coins of your choice—may it be gold, silver, platinum, or brass metal. You may sell the coins on your events. You may also give them away as freebies to your target customers. Here at, if you order a bulk amount of coins, you will be in for an amazing deal!

You can also give your outstanding employees, loyal staff, and most creative associates with especially made custom coin. We also have elegant velvet bags and boxes, the perfect storage for these acknowledgement coins. You may also award them to your long time suppliers and partners.

Other Government Departments

Custom coins are also visible in police departments and fire departments as their emblem. Brave fire fighters are also awarded with special coins, as well as police officials who were successful in maintaining the law. The same goes for industrious government employees in different departments such as finance, justice, health, and etc.

Custom Military Coins

Astronauts also use custom coins to denote their space missions. These coins are popular in the collectors’ market together with historical military coins, police department coins, and fire fighter coins. You may visit collector’s coins gallery if you are interested to see the different official coins that carry their own tales.

To be a coin collector, it is not a must to get only the historical coins. You may also purchase innovated coins which are unique and beautiful like our two-in-one coins. We have coins with bottle openers and coins with key chains. They are ideal as gifts for your loved ones.

We can also make a coin that would symbolize a special event of your life such as anniversaries, graduations, and weddings. You can guarantee that the coins you purchase here at are of quality; they are attractive and durable. Our goal is to please our customers and so we are open to any request on customizing our challenge or military coins.

What can offer?

When the word lanyard comes out of our mind, we always imagine that it is a cord where in identification card or a badge is attached. This is the most common used of lanyards nowadays, but to give a brief history, in the old days it is used by soldiers as an accessory in order to make sure that their weapons are always with them even if they are engaged in doing other things. The use of lanyards already evolved making it a very significant item being used in the military, corporate and academic setting.

Nowadays, there are already a lot of manufacturers and suppliers who produces lanyards in different type. The type of lanyards varies depending on the type of materials used in the production, the quality of the printed images as well as the comfort and style of the lanyard. The demands for customized lanyards in the industry are also increasing and in order to catch up with the increasing trend and demands for the said product, we at makes it certain that we are able to provide our clients with superior quality lanyards which is suitable to their needs and is cost-efficient.

We offer a wide variety of lanyards. To enumerate, we are offering polyester lanyards, tubular lanyards, woven
lanyards, nylon lanyards, dye sub lanyards and cord lanyards. The main difference of the listed products that were mentioned is the main material that was used as well as the style that was embodied in the lanyard itself. Polyester lanyards are made of stretchable synthetic fiber which makes it more comfortable to wear. This type of lanyard is light weight and very resistant to shrinking. We also provide tubular lanyards which are made of tube-stitched polyester fabric which signifies a very strong similarity with a shoelace. Woven lanyards are made from woven polyester material which offers a very sophisticated and stylish appearance. Logos or images can be included in this type of lanyard thru embroidery which adds to the uniqueness and elegance of this type of product. On another hand, Nylon lanyards are made of highly durable nylon fabric which makes it more resilient from ordinary wear and tear. This type of lanyard that we offer in is best to customized thru silkscreen printing. We can also provide dye sublimated lanyards which are also made of polyester material. The catch of this product is that the logo or images that will be imprinted in the lanyard will surely last since it is made thru dye sublimation. Lastly, we are also offering cord or shoestring lanyards are very stylish type of lanyard which provides coziness and archetypical look.

We are also offering lanyard customization at including free color matching and free art work design.

We will make the lanyard with the complete specifics and requirements that our clients want. The lanyards that we are producing also vary on the sizes depending on the client or user request. Customized lanyards are best for companies or universities whose logos or trademarks are necessary to be imprinted in their lanyards for identification purposes. At wholesale lanyards customization of our products are made easy with the use of available modern technology such as embroidery, silk screen printing, sublimation, heat transfer and the likes.

Also, we are offering different types of attachments for our lanyard products. Free attachments include thumb trigger, bulldog clip, key ring and swivel hook while paid attachments include cell phone loop, thumb hook, plastic hook, oval hook, no swivel hook and carabineer hook. At we are assuring our clients that we will deliver lanyards based on what their exact expectations.

In terms of the price, we are providing our clients with product in a very competitive and affordable price. Lanyard prices vary based on the size and the material or type of lanyard that will be purchased. But our client’s assurance is that the cost that will incur is worth the product that they will receive. We understand the needs of our clients for an economical and cost efficient but with superior quality products.

Lanyards, as simple as we think, may be just a simple rope or strap that we wear, but technically it is a functional and useful masterpiece. That is why at, we ensure that we are producing quality lanyards which underwent a comprehensive and detailed production process and a thorough and meticulous quality check so that our products will meet the requirements of our clients and they will surely be happy with our service.

Why Choose Custom Pins

Back in the day, in USSR and China, custom pins were used to depict the political stance of people. They wore pins that show images of Mao Zedong and Lenin, to show off their own ideology. This was also a similar practice in Czechoslovakia in 1986. Today, lapel pins have become a staple accessory in iconic events such as graduations and political elections.

Custom PinsLapel custom pins are created by machines designed to carry out plating, molding and coating processes. The main metal piece which depicts the design is secured by a locking system, and there are various locking systems available. For instance, the butterfly or military clutch is the most common pin attachment used. They are safe and provide enough durability to hold the pin in place. The cheapest alternative is the safety pin type, which also works by locking the other end of the pin to prevent it from slipping off when the wire gets loose.  Other alternatives include rubber clutch, jewelry clutch and magnetic attachment. Another high-end type of locking system is the cuff links clutch, which uses an interlinked metal to ensure that the lock’s in place. The screw or threaded back is another high-end type of locking system that works like a wheel system.

Custom pins have been widely used nowadays for many different purposes. Here are some more reasons why they have become popular customized accessories:

  • Custom lapel pins are the best reminder for a person that he or she belongs in a certain group in the society. The sense of belongingness that a pin provides keeps a person driven and motivated. Since customlapel pins are also used for recognizing achievements, receiving them serves as a special motivation for people to do better and achieve more.
  • Easy to wear. Lapel pins can be attached to any part of one’s clothing, with just a secure lock and durable material. Pinscan be worn according to the desire of the owner, unlike other accessories such as necklaces, rings and bracelets. It can be attached to an outfit’s collar, chest area or even on other personal items like a bag or case.
  • Lapel pins are fairly easy to keep. They usually come in fancy cases so the owner can leave them inside, safe and secure.
  • With proper care and maintenance, lapel pins can last for a long time. Unlike other accessories and metallic ornaments that easily fade and deteriorate, lapel pins never lose their elegance even after years of use.  Both aesthetic appeal and durability can be maintained.
  • Since lapel pins are ideally used for recognition, they are highly noticeable compared to other alternatives. Since a pin is typically worn on the chest or collar of an outfit, it would be one of the first things that a person would notice.
  • The best part of having lapel pins is that they are unique. They are very customizable, giving the one who owns them a sense of pride and ownership.
  • Contrary to popular belief, custom pins are not expensive at all. When they are ordered in huge bulks, they can be acquired at cheap To have a free quotation of the desired design, just search for a reliable lapel pin store online and submit a potential digital art design to be replicated as custom pin.
  • Lapel pins are perfect for those having a hard time finding unisex keepsakes or souvenirs. They can be worn by anyone, regardless of gender, so they’re the perfect universal giveaway.

As you’ve discovered, these pins are not mere accessories – they’re actually superb solutions to certain common dilemmas.